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Prof Dr. Ir. G.J. Nabuurs (Gert-Jan)


Professor European Forest Resources,

Wageningen University & Research

Lead Scientist European Forests at Wageningen Environmental Research

Alterra, Wageningen University and Research

Po Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands

Telephone: +31 6 10559433


Positions (most recent):                       


6/2014 – present:              Professor European Forest Resources,  Wageningen University & Lead Scientist European Forests at Alterra, Wageningen University and Research 



1/2013 – present:              Lead Scientist European Forests, Alterra, Wageningen University and Research 


5/2009-12/2012:                Assistant Director, European Forest Institute (EFI), Finland



1996 - 2001:                     PhD Forest Planning and Economics, University East Finland

                                         European forests in the 21st century


9/1986 - 10/1991:              MSc Forestry, 'oak decline' Cum Laude, Wageningen University.

 Work experience (main, since 2000)


6/2016 – Jan 2017              Project lead for Climate KIC project ‘Forvalor’. 40 k€


3/2016 – present                Project lead for DLO in H2020 Agriforvalor. 130k€


2/2015 – present                Project partner for DLO in H2020 PEGASUS  


4/2015- 12/2015                Project lead EFI’s ‘From Science to Policy Study: A new role for EU forest and forest sector under the EU Post 2020 targets’. 11k€


1/2015 – present                Project lead for Dutch project ‘Future wood’ a scenario analysis of the Dutch forest and wood sector in international perspective. € 160k€


1/2014 – present                Project lead Biotrade2020+ (DG ENER), tool for sustainability in biomass trade. Alterra share 160k€ 


7/2013 – present                Project lead for Alterra in the EU FP7 funded  project Sustainable Innovative Mobilisation of Wood (SIMWOOD). Alterra share 310k€


11/2011 – present              Vice coordinator of the FP7 funded Forest Research Infrastructure project ‘Trees4Future’. Grant No 284181. Total project fund 9.1M€. EFI share 910 k€


5/2009 – present                EU funded FP6 project ‘Greenhouse gas management in European land use systems’ (GHG Europe). ENV.2009. Alterra has project lead on forest attribution. Total for this WP 765k€. Alterra share 280 k€.


5/2005 – 11/2009               Coordinator of the project ‘Soil carbon dynamics and variability at the landscape scale: its relation to aspects of spatial distribution in national emission databases’. Dutch National Research Programme Climate changes Spatial Planning (Bsik ME3). Total project budget 1160k€


11/2005 – 10/2009             Project lead for Alterra in the EU funded FP6 project EFORWOOD.  Tools for Sustainability Impact Assessment of the Forestry-Wood Chain (518128-2) Alterra share 1072 k€


2007 – 2009                      Partner in MASCAREF; study EEC 2152/2003 Forest Focus regulation on developing harmonized methods for assessing carbon sequestration in European forests


3/2006 – 7/2009:               Project lead for Alterra in the EU funded FP6 project Adaptation and mitigation strategies, supporting climate policy. ADAM (GOCE-018476). Alterra share 550 k€


4/2005 – 4/2008                Coordinator of WP4 ‘land inventories’ in the FP6 EU funded project Carbo-Europe IP. Contract No. GOCE-CT-2003-505572. The wp share 320k€


4/2004 – 6/2007                Project lead for Alterra in MEACAP (SSPE-CT-2004-503604). Impacts of environmental agreements on the CAP. Alterra share 206k€


2004 – 2008                     Coordinator of the project cycle for the ‘Development of the Dutch National System for GHG reporting of the forest sector including annual reporting to UNFCCC’. Projects for NOVEM, funded by Ministry Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries. Total funding 350k€


11/2002 – 10/2005             Project lead for Alterra in the EU funded FP6 project CAMELS, ‘Carbon Assimilation and Modelling of the European Land Surface’. Responsible for forest inventory based carbon balance of the Carbon data assimilation system. (EVK2-CT-2002-00151). Alterra share 150k€


10/2001 – 10/2002:           Project coordinator of ‘Future wood supply from European forests - with implications to the pulp and paper industry’. Project for the Confederation of European Paper Industries. (CEPI project, 70 k€)



2011 – 2013:                    Review editor of the AFOLU chapter in the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, WG III.


2004 – 2007:                    Co-ordinating Lead Author of the Forestry chapter of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, WG III ‘Mitigation’. Led a group of 15 co-authors.   


2001 – 2003:                    Co-ordinating Lead Author in the IPCC Good Practice Guidance report 2003.  Chapter 3: LUCF Sector Good Practice Guidance. IPCC NGGIP Programme. Led a group of 34 co-authors.


1999 – 2001:                    Lead Author in IPCC Third Assessment Report, WG III ‘Mitigation’. Chapter: Technical and Economic Potential of Options to Enhance, Maintain and Manage Biological Carbon Reservoirs and Geo-engineering.


1998 – 2000:                    Lead Author of the IPCC special report on Land use, land use change and forestry.  Chapter 2. Implications of different definitions and generic issues.


1990: ‘Hissink price 1990’ for the graduate subject on oak decline

1995: ‘Joensuu City Senior Research Scholarship’ for work in scenario studies.

2000: 'Tim Peck Young Scientists Award' for contribution to research in European forests and forest industries.

2007:  IPCC was awarded the Nobel Peace Price. Personal Certificate. The Nobel Price was awarded to Al Gore and the IPCC.

Publications (most recent years)



Teuling, A.J., Ch.M. Taylor, J.F. Meirink, L.A. Melsen, D.G. Miralles, Ch.C. van Heerwaarden, R. Vautard, A.I. Stegehuis, G.J. Nabuurs, J. Vila- Guerau de Arellano. 2017. Observational Evidence for cloud cover enhancement over Western European forests. Nature Communications.  DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14065


*Liang, J., TW. Crowther, N Picard, S. Wiser,M Zhou,....GM. Hengeveld,G.J. Nabuurs, MJ Schelhaas,H. Lu,...PB. Reich. 2016. Positive biodiversity-productivity relationship predominant in global forests. Science 354, aaf8957, DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf8957

Nabuurs G.J., M.J. Schelhaas, J. Oldenburger, A. de Jong, R. Schrijver, G. Woltjer, C.M.A. Hendriks  en H. Silvis, 2016.Nederlands bosbeheer en bos- en houtsector in de bio-economie; Scenario’s tot 2030 in een internationaal bio-economie perspectief. Wageningen, Wageningen Environmental Research, Rapport 2747. 84 blz.;

* Nabuurs, G.J. Schelhaas, M. Arets, E.J.M.M. 2016. European forests show no carbon debt, only a long parity effect. Forest Policy and Economics,

Nabuurs, G.J. 2016. Filling knowledge gaps to sustain future forestry.  Research*EU, Vol. 54, 2016, p. 4-5.



Petz, Katalin; Schulp, Catharina J.E.; van der Zanden, Emma H.; Veerkamp, Clara; Schelhaas, Mart-Jan; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; Hengeveld, Geerten 2016. Indicators and modelling of land use, land management and ecosystem services : methodological documentation. The Hague, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, 2016. 109 p.

Verkerk, P.J.; Schelhaas, M.; Immonen, V.; Hengeveld, G.M.; Kiljunen, J.; Lindner, M.; Nabuurs, G.J.; Suominen, T.; Zudin, S.  2016. Manual for the European Forest Information Scenario model (EFISCEN 4.1).  European Forest Institute, 2016. 49 p.

Hendriks, C.M.A., E. Lambrecht, G.J. Nabuurs, X. Gellynck, and H. Welck, 2016. Compendium on research results on agro and forest-biomass side-streams. AGRIFORVALOR deliverable 1.1, Wageningen, Ghent, Stuttgart

Fingerman, K., L Iriarte, U R. Fritsche, GJ Nabuurs, B Elbersen, I Staristsky, M Junginger, Th MaiMoulin. 2016. Biomass use and potential for export to the European Union from 2015 – 2030; United States Southeast Case Study. Biotrade2020+ Deliverable 3.3. 41 p.

Nabuurs, G.J., I Staritsky, H de Groot, B Elbersen. 2016. User handbook for the Biotrade2020+ tool. Biotrade2020+ Deliverable 4.5. 16 p.  



*Crowther, T.W., H. B. Glick, K. R. Covey, C. Bettigole, D. S. Maynard, S.M. Thomas, J. R. Smith, G. Hintler, M.C. Duguid, G. Amatulli, M.-N. Tuanmu, W. Jetz, C. Salas, C. Stam, D. Piotto, R. Tavani, S. Green, G. Bruce, S. J. Williams, S.K. Wiser, M.O. Huber, G.M. Hengeveld, G.J. Nabuurs, E. Tikhonova, P. Borchardt, C.F. Li, L.W. Powrie, M. Fischer, A. Hemp, J. Homeier, P. Cho, A. C. Vibrans, P. M. Umunay, S. Piao, C. W. Rowe, M. S. Ashton, P.R. Crane & M. A. Bradford. 2015. Mapping tree density at a global scale. Nature doi: 10.1038/nature14967

*Schelhaas, M.J., G.J. Nabuurs, G. Hengeveld, et al. 2015. Alternative forest management strategies to account for climate change-induced productivity and species suitability changes in Europe. Regional environmental Change. DOI 10.1007/s10113-015-0788-z

* Hengeveld, G.M., M.P. Didion, A.P.P.M. Clerkx, C Elkin, G.J. Nabuurs, M. Schelhaas. 2014. The landscape level effect of individual owner adaptation to climate change in Dutch forests. Regional Environmental Change. DOI 10.1007/s10113-014-0718-5

* Reyer, C., G.J. Nabuurs, M. Hanewinkel . Editorial.  Special issue in Regional Environmental Change

*Bouriaud, L., M. Marzano,  M. Lexer, .... G. Hengeveld, S Kellomaki, G, Kostov, G. J. Nabuurs, et al. 2015. Institutional factors and opportunities for adapting European forest management to climate change. Regional Environmental Change. DOI 10.1007/s10113-015-0852-8

Nabuurs, G.J., P. Delacote, D Ellison, M. Hanewinkel, M. Lindner, M. Nesbit, M. Ollikainen, A. Savaresi. 2015. A new role for forest and forest sector in the EU post 2020 climate targets. From Science to Policy 2. European Forest Institute, 30 p.

San Miguel-Ayanz, J., G. Dominguez, P. Gasparini, G. Stahl, J. Parviainen, M. Lier, I. Alberdi-Asensio, E. Cienciala, A. Freudenschuss, P. Godinho Ferrera, K. Korhonen, A Lanz, G.J. Nabuurs. 2015. Criterion 1: Maintenance and appropriate enhancement of forest resources and their contribution to global carbon cycles.  In: State of Europe’s forests. Forest Europe. P. 67-86.

Luyssaert, S., K Naudts, T Suominen, H Verkerk, M.J. Schelhaas, G.J. Nabuurs and G.M. Hengeveld. 2015. D10.2 Report on implementation of improvements in large scale tools EFISCEN, Orchidee and Tosia. Trees4future Project deliverable. Brussels. 44p. 

Nabuurs, G.J., 2015. Forest and forestry in the Southeast USA. Confidential note for Ministry of Economic Affairs.  8 p.

Schelhaas, M.J., G.M. Hengeveld, G.J.  Nabuurs. 2015. Ch 4. Methods and initial results from modelling wood resource potential. In: Kerr, G. (Ed). D 3.1. – European model regions and regional impacts of current and potential future mobilization - synthesis report. 241 p. simwood project


*Sikkema, R., T. Ranta, J. Heinimö , Y.T. Gerasimov, T. Karjalainen, G.J. Nabuurs. In press. Mobilisation of biomass for energy from boreal forests in Finland and Russia under present sustainable forest management certification and new sustainability requirements for solid biofuels. Biomass and Bioenergy 71: 23-36

*Nabuurs, G.J., M.J. Schelhaas, C Orazio, G. Hengeveld, M Tome, E.P. Farrell. 2014. European perspective on the development of planted forests, including projections to 2065. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Sciences.

* Nabuurs, G.J., M.J. Schelhaas, K. hendrik, G.M. Hengeveld. 2014.  Can European forests meet the demands of the bioeconomy in the future? wood supply alongside environmental services. In: Nikolakis and Innes (Eds.) Ch 12. Forest and Globalization.  Earthscan publishers.

* Payn, T., J.M. Carnus, P. Freer-Smith, C. Orazio, G.J. Nabuurs. Third international congress on planted forests on the globe – renewable resources for the future. Editorial Special Issue  New Zealand Journal of Forestry Sciences

Schelhaas, M.J. & G.J. Nabuurs. 2014. Bioenergy, carbon neutral or not? In: Proceedings of the CEPI European paper week., the networking event. P. 1-19.

Nabuurs, G.J. H. Croezen, E.J.M.M. Arets. 2014. Carbon debt, inzichtelijk maken van maatschappelijke risico’s van het opnemen van carbon debt vereisten. Alterra rapport 2525.

Houtkamp, J.M., Elbersen, E., Sikirica, N., Nabuurs, G.-J.(2014) A survey of online tools for information on biomass supply chains. BioTrade2020plus: Supporting a Sustainable European Bioenergy Trade Strategy. Intelligent Energy Europe, IEE/13/577/SI2.675534. Deliverable 4.1)


Houtkamp, J.M., Elbersen, E., Sikirica, N., Nabuurs, G.-J.(2014) Requirements of end users for the interactive BIOTRADE2020plus tool. (BioTrade2020plus: Supporting a Sustainable European Bioenergy Trade Strategy. Intelligent Energy Europe, IEE/13/577/SI2.675534. Deliverable 4.2)


Nabuurs, G.J. , A. de Jong, S Clerkx. 2013. Strategische agenda bos en hout internationaal. Intern rapport voor Ministerie Economische Zaken. 24 p. 

Lindner, M., F. Krumm, G.J. Nabuurs. 2013. Biodiversity conservation and forest management in European Forest ecosystems under changing climate. In: Integrative approaches as an opportunity for the conservation of forest biodiversity / Kraus, D., Krumm, F., European Forest Institute, p. 206 - 215

*Groen, T.A., P.J. Verkerk, H Böttcher, G. Grassi, E Cienciala, K.G. Black, M. Fortin, M. Koethke, A. Lehtonen, G.J. Nabuurs, L. Petrova, V. Blujdea.  In press. What causes the differences between national estimates of carbon emissions from forest management and large-scale models? Environmental science and Policy. 33: 222 – 232

*Nabuurs, G.J. , M. Lindner, P.J. Verkerk, K. Gunia, G Grassi, R Michalak, P. Deda. 2013.  First signs of carbon sink saturation in European forest biomass. Nature Climate Change.  PUBLISHED ONLINE: 18 AUGUST 2013 | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1853

*Schulp, C.J.E, P.H. Verburg, P.J. Kuikman, G.J. Nabuurs, J.G.J. Olivier, W de Vries, T Veldkamp. 2013.  Improving National-Scale Carbon Stock Inventories Using Knowledge on Land Use History. Environmental Management 501: 709-723

*Valbuena, R., M. Maltamo, S. Martín-Fernández, P. Packalén, C. Pascual, G.J. Nabuurs. Patterns of covariance between Airborne Laser Scanning metrics and Lorenz curve descriptors of tree size inequality. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing. 39, S1_13,

Wolfslehner, B., M. Lindner, G.J. Nabuurs. Chapter 2.1 European forests – setting the context. In. Pulzl, H., K. Hogl, D. Kleinschmit, D. Wydra, B. Arts, P. Mayer. M Palahi, G. Winkel, B Wolfslehner (Eds.). European forest governance; issues at stake and the way forward. What Science Can Tell Us 2. European Forest Institute. P 19-28.

Hengeveld, G., M.J. Schelhaas, C Ryer, N.E. Zimmermann, D.A. Cullmann, G.J. Nabuurs. 2013. Ch VII. How fast van European forests adapt to changing climate? In: J. Fitzgerald and M. Lindner (eds.), Adapting to climate change in European forests – results of Motive project. P 80-82.



*Brus, D.J., G.M. Hengeveld, D.J.J. Walvoort, P.W. Goedhart, A.H. Heidema, , K. Gunia. 2011. Statistical mapping of tree species over Europe. European Journal of Forest Research.  131: 145-157.

*Hanewinkel, M., D.A. Cullmann, M.J. Schelhaas, G.J. Nabuurs, N.E. Zimmermann. 2012. Climate change may cause severe loss in economic value of European forestland. Nature Climate Change 3: 203-207.  DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1687

*Hengeveld, G.M., G.J. Nabuurs, M. Didion, I. van den Wyngaert, A.P.P.M. Clerckx, M.J. Schelhaas. 2012. A forest management map of European Forests. Ecology and Society. 17(4): 53.

*Mohren, G.M.J., H. Hasenauer, M Köhl, G.J. Nabuurs. 2012. Forest Inventories for Carbon Change Assessments. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability. 4: 686-695

Waal, R.W. de, F.K. van Evert, J.G.J. Olivier, B. van Putten, C.J.E. Schulp. G.J. Nabuurs. 2012. Soil carbon dynamics and variability at the landscape level: its relation to aspects of spatial distribution in national emisison databases. KvR Report. 056/12. 41 p.



Arets, E.J.M.M., P.J. van der Meer, C.C. Verwer, G.M. Hengeveld, G.W. Tolkamp, G.J. Nabuurs, M. van Oorschot. 2011. Global wood production. Alterra Report 1808. Wageningen. 80 p. 

Nabuurs, G.J. 2011. Doesn’t grow on trees. Public service review. 14: 210. 

Nabuurs, G.J. 2011. Future scenarios of European forests. In: EAI Special issue: Forests a millenary heritage that guarantees us life. Bimestrale del ENEA, Supplemento 4-5: 35-41.

*Rosen, K., M. Lindner, G.J. Nabuurs, P. Paschalis-Jacubowitz (eds.). 2011.  Special issue. Challenges in implementing sustainability impact assessment of forest wood chains. European Journal of Forest Research. 131: 1-5.



*Gallaun, H., G. Zanchi, G.J. Nabuurs, G. Hengeveld, M. Schardt and P.J. Verkerk. 2010. EU-wide maps of growing stock and above-ground biomass in forests based on remote sensing and field measurements. Forest Ecology and Management 260: 252–261.

Kanninen, M., M. Brockhaus, D. Murdiyarso, and G.J. Nabuurs. 2010. Chapter 3. Harnessing Forests for Climate Change Mitigation through REDD+. In: WFSE book. Forests and Society – Responding to global drivers of change. 

*Muys, B., J. Hynynen, M. Palahí, M.J. Lexer, M. Fabrika, H. Pretzsch, F. Gillet, E. Briceño, G.J. Nabuurs and V. Kint. 2010 Simulation tools for decision support to adaptive forest management in Europe. Forest systems 19(SI): 86–99.

*Nabuurs, G.J., G.M. Hengeveld, D.C. van der Werf and A.H. Heidema. 2010. European forest carbon balance assessed with inventory based methods — An introduction to a special section. Forest Ecology and Management 260: 239–240.

Nabuurs, G.J. 2011. The carbon mitigation potential of Europe’s forests. Internal report to the Ad hoc working group on climate change to the Standing Forest Committee. Brussels, Belgium, April 30, 2010.



*Bolte, A., C. Ammer, M. Löf, P. Madsen, G.J. Nabuurs, P. Schall, P. Spathelf and J Rock. 2009. Adaptive forest management in central Europe: Climate change impacts, strategies and integrative concept. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 24: 473—482

Dai, X., Y. Xu, G. Jia, C. Fu, L. You, Z. Xiong, J. Yuan, Y. n. Hu, H. Yang, H. Wang, Y. Hu, Y. Zhang, H. Liu, Z. Liu, Y. Sun, J. Chou, S. E. Werners and G.J. Nabuurs. 2009. Climate change impacts and adaptation strategies in Inner Mongolia. Project Report P3d iii-2. ADAM Project (EU Project no. 018476-GOCE), Norwich, UK. 100 p.

Hulme, M., H. Neufeldt, A. Richie, D. van Vuuren, R. Klein, B. Knopf, A Haxeltine, F Bierman, P. Pattberg, F. Zelli, S.E. Werners, J.D. Tàbara, X. Dai, Z. Flachner, G.J. Nabuurs, G. Eskeland, E. Jochem. 2009. ADAM final report. ADAM Project, Norwich, UK. 47 p.

Jochem, E., W. Schade, T. Barker, S. Scrieciu, N. Helfrich, S. Mima, P. Criqui, J. Morel, B. Chateau, A. Kitous,  G.J. Nabuurs, M.J. Schelhaas, T. Groen, L. Quandt, F. Reitze,  G. Catenazzi, M. Jakob, W. Eichhammer, A. Held, M. Ragwitz, U. Reiter, H. Turton, J. Köhler. 2009. Report of the Reference and 2°C Scenario for Europe. ADAM Project D M1.2, Norwich, UK. 250 p.

*Luyssaert, S., P. Ciais, S.L. Piao, E.-D. Schulze, M. Jung, S. Zaehle, M.J. Schelhaas, M. Reichstein, G. Churkina, D. Papale, G. Abril, C. Beer, J. Grace, D. Loustau, G. Matteucci, F. Magnani, G.J. Nabuurs, H. Verbeeck, M. Sulkava, G.R. van der Werf, I.A. Janssens. 2009 The European carbon balance. Part 3: forests. Global Change Biology.  DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02056.x

Nabuurs, G.J. Bosbeheren is investeren. Vakblad Natuur Bos en Landschap. Sep 2009. 

*Pussinen, A., G.J. Nabuurs, R. Wieggers, G.J. Reinds, G.W.W. Wamelink, J. Kros, J.P. Mol-Dijkstra and W. de Vries, 2009. Modelling long term impacts of environmental change on mid- and high-latitude European forests and options for adaptive forest management. Forest Ecology and Management 258: 1806-1813.

*Schulze, E.D., S. Luyssaert, P. Ciais, A. Freibauer, I. A. Janssens, J. F. Soussana, P. Smith, J. Grace, I. Levin, B. Thiruchittampalam, M. Heimann, A. J. Dolman, R. Valentini, P. Bousquet, P. Peylin, W. Peters, C. Rödenbeck, G. Etiope, N. Vuichard, M. Wattenbach, G.J. Nabuurs, Z. Poussi, J. Nieschulze, J. H. Gash. 2009. Importance of methane and nitrous oxide for Europe’s terrestrial greenhouse-gas balance. Nature Geoscience.   doi: 10.1038/ngeo686

Verkaik, E. and G.J. Nabuurs. 2009. Opwarmend Bos. Vakblad Natuur Bos Landschap, Vol 2009 juni, p.20-21.

Verkaik, E., L.G. Moraal, and G.J. Nabuurs. 2009. Potential impacts of climate change on Dutch forests: mapping the risks. Alterra report 1761, Wageningen.

Vries, W. de., J. Kros, G.J. Reinds, H.J.J. Wieggers, G.L. Velthof, D.A. Oudendag, G.J. Nabuurs, M.J. Schelhaas, M. Perez Soba, W.P. de Winter, J. van den Akker, M.M. Bakker, P.H Verburg, A. Leip, J. Liski, B. Eickhout and A.F. Bouwman. 2009. Assessment of nitrogen and greenhouse gas fluxes at the European scale in response to land use and livestock change. Proceedings of the AgSAP Conference 2009. Egmond aan Zee, The Netherlands. p. 412-413.

Vries, W. de., W. Wamelink, G.J. Reinds, H.J.J. Wieggers, J.P. Mol-Dijkstra, J. Kros, G.J. Nabuurs, A. Pussinen, S. Solberg, M. Dobbertin, D. Laubhann, H. Sterba, M van Oijen. 2009. Assessment of the relative importance of nitrogen deposition. In: Climate change and forest management on the sequestration of carbon in forests in Europe. Wageningen Alterra Report 1538, 302 p. 

Werners, S.E., M. Bindi, F. Cots, X Dai, Z Flachner, Piotr Matczak, D. McEvoy, M Moriondo, N Lugeri, G.J. Nabuurs, H. Neufeldt, J.D. Tàbara, G. Trombi, J. West. 2009. Final results of the regional case studies. Project Report P3d-4. ADAM Project, Norwich, UK. 238 p.


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